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Theoretical Basis for Nursing (5th Ed) Free PDF Download

The book Theoretical Basis for Nursing is written by Melanie McEwen, Evelyn M. Wills. Largely due to the work of nursing scientists, nursing theorists, and nursing scholars over the past five decades, nursing has been recognized as an emerging profession and academic discipline. Crucial to achieving this distinction have been numerous debates about the phenomena of concern to nurses and the myriad efforts to improve participation in the use of theory, theory generation, and theory testing to direct research and improve clinical practice. practice.

 

Description:

Book Name Theoretical Basis for Nursing
Author of Book Melanie McEwen, Evelyn M. Wills
Edition 5th
Language English
Format PDF
Category Nursing Books

 

 

Overview of Theoretical Basis for Nursing

Access the essential information you need to understand and apply theory to practice, research, education, and administration/management. The most concise and contemporary nursing theory resource available, Theoretical Foundations for Nursing, 5th Edition, clarifies the application of theory and helps you become a more confident and well-rounded nurse. This acclaimed text is widely researched and easy to read, providing you with an engaging and accessible guide to developing, analyzing, and evaluating theory in your nursing career.

 

Key features

  • The NEW Ethical Theories and Principles chapter acquaints you with emerging trends in evidence-based, clinically ethical practice.
  • The NEW higher education charts describe important connections to AACN’s “Fundamentals of Master’s Education” and “Fundamentals of Doctoral Education” to help you advance your nursing career prospects through additional education.
  • Link-to-practice boxes provide concrete examples of how theory guides nursing practice.
  • Case studies help you apply specific content to common scenarios encountered in daily practice.
  • Learning activities test your understanding of key concepts.
  • Chapter Summaries and Key Points summarize important chapter content at a glance.
  • The online literature assessment activity and case studies challenge you to think critically about the content of textbooks.

 

Topics of this Edition

Unit I: Introduction to Theory
 
1.  Philosophy, Science, and Nursing
Case Study
Nursing as a Profession
Nursing as an Academic Discipline
Introduction to Science and Philosophy
Overview of Science
Overview of Philosophy
Science and Philosophical Schools of Thought
Received View (Empiricism, Positivism, Logical Positivism)
Contemporary Empiricism/Postpositivism
Nursing and Empiricism
Perceived View (Human Science, Phenomenology, Constructivism, Historicism)
Nursing and Phenomenology/Constructivism/Historicism
Postmodernism (Poststructuralism, Postcolonialism)
Nursing and Postmodernism
Nursing Philosophy, Nursing Science, and Philosophy of Science in Nursing
Nursing Philosophy
Nursing Science
Philosophy of Science in Nursing
Knowledge Development and Nursing Science
Epistemology
Ways of Knowing
Nursing Epistemology
Other Views of Patterns of Knowledge in Nursing
Summary of Ways of Knowing in Nursing
Research Methodology and Nursing Science
Nursing as a Practice Science
Nursing as a Human Science
Quantitative Versus Qualitative Methodology Debate
Quantitative Methods
Qualitative Methods
Methodologic Pluralism
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
2.  Overview of Theory in Nursing
Overview of Theory
The Importance of Theory in Nursing
Terminology of Theory
Historical Overview: Theory Development in Nursing
Florence Nightingale
Stages of Theory Development in Nursing
Silent Knowledge Stage
Received Knowledge Stage
Subjective Knowledge Stage
Procedural Knowledge Stage
Constructed Knowledge Stage
Integrated Knowledge Stage
Summary of Stages of Nursing Theory Development
Classification of Theories in Nursing
Scope of Theory
Metatheory
Grand Theories
Middle Range Theories
Practice Theories
Type or Purpose of Theory
Descriptive (Factor-Isolating) Theories
Explanatory (Factor-Relating) Theories
Predictive (Situation-Relating) Theories
Prescriptive (Situation-Producing) Theories
Issues in Theory Development in Nursing
Borrowed Versus Unique Theory in Nursing
Nursing’s Metaparadigm
Relationships Among the Metaparadigm Concepts
Other Viewpoints on Nursing’s Metaparadigm
Caring as a Central Construct in the Discipline of Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
3.  Concept Development: Clarifying Meaning of Terms
The Concept of “Concept”
Types of Concepts
Abstract Versus Concrete Concepts
Variable (Continuous) Versus Nonvariable (Discrete) Concepts
Theoretically Versus Operationally Defined Concepts
Sources of Concepts
Concept Analysis/Concept Development
Purposes of Concept Development
Context for Concept Development
Concept Development and Conceptual Frameworks
Concept Development and Research
Strategies for Concept Analysis and Concept Development
Walker and Avant
Concept Analysis
Concept Synthesis
Concept Derivation
Examples of Concept Analysis Using Walker and Avant’s Techniques
Rodgers
Schwartz-Barcott and Kim
Theoretical Phase
Fieldwork Phase
Analytical Phase
Meleis
Concept Exploration
Concept Clarification
Concept Analysis
Morse
Concept Delineation
Concept Comparison
Concept Clarification
Penrod and Hupcey
Comparison of Models for Concept Development
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
4.  Theory Development: Structuring Conceptual Relationships in Nursing
Overview of Theory Development
Categorizations of Theory
Categorization Based on Scope or Level of Abstraction
Philosophy, Worldview, or Metatheory
Grand Theories
Middle Range Theories
Practice Theories
Relationship Among Levels of Theory in Nursing
Categorization Based on Purpose
Descriptive Theories
Explanatory Theories
Predictive Theories
Prescriptive Theories
Categorization Based on Source or Discipline
Components of a Theory
Purpose
Concepts and Conceptual Definitions
Theoretical Statements
Existence Statements
Relational Statements
Structure and Linkages
Assumptions
Models
Theory Development
Relationship Among Theory, Research, and Practice
Relationship Between Theory and Research
Relationship Between Theory and Practice
Relationship Between Research and Practice
Approaches to Theory Development
Theory to Practice to Theory
Practice to Theory
Research to Theory
Theory to Research to Theory
Integrated Approach
Process of Theory Development
Concept Development: Creation of Conceptual Meaning
Statement Development: Formulation and Validation of Relational Statements
Theory Construction: Systematic Organization of the Linkage
Validating and Confirming Theoretical Relationships in Research
Validation and Application of Theory in Practice
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
5.  Theory Analysis and Evaluation
Definition and Purpose of Theory Evaluation
Theory Description
Theory Analysis
Theory Evaluation
Historical Overview of Theory Analysis and Evaluation
Characteristics of Significant Theories: Ellis
Theory Evaluation: Hardy
Theory Analysis and Theory Evaluation: Duffey and Muhlenkamp
Theory Evaluation: Barnum
Theory Analysis: Walker and Avant
Theory Analysis and Evaluation: Fawcett
Theory Description and Critique: Chinn and Kramer
Theory Description, Analysis, and Critique: Meleis
Analysis and Evaluation of Practice Theory, Middle Range Theory, and Nursing Models: Whall
Theory Evaluation: Dudley-Brown
Comparisons of Methods
Synthesized Method of Theory Evaluation
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
Unit II: Nursing Theories
 
6.  Overview of Grand Nursing Theories
Categorization of Conceptual Frameworks and Grand Theories
Categorization Based on Scope
Categorization Based on Nursing Domains
Categorization Based on Paradigms
Parse’s Categorization
Newman’s Categorization
Fawcett’s Categorization
Specific Categories of Models and Theories for This Unit
Analysis Criteria for Grand Nursing Theories
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimon
Value in Extending Nursing Science
The Purpose of Critiquing Theories
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
7.  Grand Nursing Theories Based on Human Needs
Florence Nightingale: Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of Nursing
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Concepts
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Faye G. Abdellah: Patient-Centered Approaches to Nursing
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Dorothea Orem: The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Dorothy Johnson: The Behavioral System Model
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems Model
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
8.  Grand Nursing Theories Based on Interactive Process
Barbara Artinian: The Intersystem Model
Background of the Theorist
Philosophic Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Helen C. Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin, and Mary Ann P. Swain: Modeling and Role-Modeling
Background of the Theorists
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Imogene King: King’s Conceptual System and Theory of Goal Attainment and Transactional Process
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Sister Callista Roy: The Roy Adaptation Model
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Jean Watson: Human Caring Science, A Theory of Nursing
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Assumptions
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
9.  Grand Nursing Theories Based on Unitary Process
Martha Rogers: The Science of Unitary and Irreducible Human Beings
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Margaret Newman: Health as Expanding Consciousness
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Rosemarie Parse: The Humanbecoming Paradigm
Background of the Theorist
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Theory
Major Assumptions, Concepts, and Relationships
Concepts
Relationships
Usefulness
Testability
Parsimony
Value in Extending Nursing Science
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
10.  Introduction to Middle Range Nursing Theories
Purposes of Middle Range Theory
Characteristics of Middle Range Theory
Concepts and Relationships for Middle Range Theory
Categorizing Middle Range Theory
Development of Middle Range Theory
Middle Range Theories Derived From Research and/or Practice
Middle Range Theory Derived From a Grand Theory
Middle Range Theory Combining Existing Nursing and Non-Nursing Theories
Middle Range Theory Derived From Non-Nursing Disciplines
Middle Range Theory Derived From Practice Guidelines or Standard of Care
Final Thoughts on Middle Range Theory Development
Analysis and Evaluation of Middle Range Theory
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
11.  Overview of Selected Middle Range Nursing Theories
High Middle Range Theories
Benner’s Model of Skill Acquisition in Nursing
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Leininger’s Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Pender’s Health Promotion Model
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Transitions Theory
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
The Synergy Model
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Middle Middle Range Theories
Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Theory
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Kolcaba’s Theory of Comfort
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Lenz and Colleagues’ Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Reed’s Self-Transcendence Theory
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Low Middle Range Theories
Eakes, Burke, and Hainsworth’s Theory of Chronic Sorrow
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Beck’s Postpartum Depression Theory
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Mercer’s Conceptualization of Maternal Role Attainment/Becoming a Mother
Purpose and Major Concepts
Context for Use and Nursing Implications
Evidence of Empirical Testing and Application in Practice
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
12.  Evidence-Based Practice and Nursing Theory
Overview of Evidence-Based Practice
Definition and Characteristics of Evidence-Based Practice
Concerns Related to Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
Evidence-Based Practice and Practice-Based Evidence
Promotion of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
Theory and Evidence-Based Practice
Theoretical Models of Evidence-Based Practice
Academic Center for Evidence-Based Practice Star Model of Knowledge Transformation
Advancing Research and Clinical Practice Through Close Collaboration Model
The Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care
The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model
Stetler Model of Evidence-Based Practice
Theoretical Models: A Summary
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
Unit III: Shared Theories Used by Nurses
 
13.  Theories From the Sociologic Sciences
Systems Theories
General Systems Theory
Overview
Application to Nursing
Social Ecological Models
Overview
Application to Nursing
Social Networks
Overview
Application to Nursing
Social Construction and Interaction Theories
Symbolic Interactionism
Overview
Application to Nursing
Cultural Diversity
Overview
Application to Nursing
Role Theory
Overview
Application to Nursing
Exchange Theories, Conflict and Critical Theories
Exchange Theories
Historical Overview
Modern Social Exchange Theories
Application to Nursing
Conflict and Critical Theories
Critical Social Theory
Feminist Theory
Complexity Science, Chaos Theory and Complex Adaptive Systems
Chaos Theory
Complex Adaptive Systems
Application to Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
14.  Theories From the Behavioral Sciences
Psychodynamic Theories
Psychoanalytic Theory: Freud
Overview
Application to Nursing
Developmental (or Ego Developmental) Theory: Erikson
Overview
Application to Nursing
Interpersonal Theory: Sullivan
Overview
Application to Nursing
Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Theories
Operant Conditioning: Skinner
Cognitive Theory: Beck
Rational Emotive Theory: Ellis
Application of Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Theories to Nursing
Humanistic Theories
Human Needs Theory: Maslow
Overview
Application to Nursing
Person-Centered Theory: Rogers
Overview
Application to Nursing
Stress Theories
General Adaptation Syndrome: Selye
Stress, Coping, and Adaptation Theory: Lazarus
Application of Stress Theories to Nursing
Social Psychology
Health Belief Model
Theory of Reasoned Action (Theory of Planned Behavior)
Transtheoretical Model and Stages of Change
Application of Social Psychology Theories to Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
15.  Theories From the Biomedical Sciences
Theories and Models of Disease Causation
Evolution of Theories of Disease Causation
Germ Theory and Principles of Infection
Overview
Application to Nursing
The Epidemiologic Triangle
The Web of Causation
Overview
Application to Nursing
Natural History of Disease
Overview
Application to Nursing
Theories and Principles Related to Physiology and Physical Functioning
Homeostasis
Overview
Application to Nursing
Stress and Adaptation: General Adaptation Syndrome
Overview
Application to Nursing
Theories of Immunity and Immune Function
Overview
Application to Nursing
Genetic Principles and Theories
Overview
Application to Nursing
Cancer Theories
Overview
Application to Nursing
Pain Management
Gate Control Theory
Application to Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
16.  Ethical Theories and Principles
Ethics and Philosophy: An Overview
Theory in the Humanities and Philosophy
Ethics Versus Morality
Philosophical Theories of Ethics
Virtue Ethics
Background
Application in Nursing
Modern Ethical Theories
Deontology
Utilitarianism
Deontology and Utilitarianism—A Summary
Application to Nursing
Bioethical Principles
Historical Perspective on the Bioethical Principles
Autonomy
Overview
Application to Nursing
Beneficence
Overview
Application to Nursing
Nonmaleficence
Overview
Application to Nursing
Justice
Overview
Application to Nursing
Other Bioethical Principles
Ethical Decision Making
Overview
Application to Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
17.  Theories, Models, and Frameworks From Leadership and Management
Overview of Concepts of Leadership and Management
Early Leadership Theories
Trait Theories of Leadership
Emotional Intelligence
Behavioral Theories of Leadership
Leader–Member Exchange Theory
Motivational Theories of Leadership
Theory X and Theory Y
Motivation–Hygiene Theory (Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory)
Contingency Theories of Leadership: Leadership and Management by Situation
The Fiedler Contingency Theory of Leadership
Path–Goal Theory
Situational Leadership Theory
Contemporary Leadership Theories
Transactional and Transformational Leadership
Authentic Leadership
Charismatic Leadership
Servant Leadership
Followership Theory
Organizational/Management Theories
Scientific Management
Theory of Bureaucracy/Organizational Theory
Classic Management Theory
Motivational Theories
Achievement–Motivation Theory
Expectancy Theory
Equity Theory
Concepts of Power, Empowerment, and Change
Power
Empowerment
Change
Planned Change Theory
Resilience
Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Processes
The Rational Decision-Making Model
Group Decision Making
Organizational Quantitative Decision-Making Techniques
Conflict Management
Quality Improvement
The Case for Quality Improvement in Health Care
Quality Improvement Frameworks
Quality Improvement Processes and Tools
Evidence-Based Practice
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
18.  Learning Theories
What Is Learning?
What Is Teaching?
Categorization of Learning Theories
Behavioral Learning Theories
Overview
Application to Nursing
Cognitive Learning Theories
Cognitive-Field (Gestalt) Theories
Overview
Application to Nursing
Cognitive Development or Interaction Theories
Piaget
Gagne
Bandura
Humanistic Learning Theory
Rogers
Information-Processing Models
Cognitive Load Theory
Application to Nursing
Adult Learning
Overview
Application to Nursing
Summary of Learning Theories
Learning Styles
Principles of Learning
Application of Learning Theories in Nursing
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
Unit IV: Application of Theory in Nursing
 
19.  Application of Theory in Nursing Practice
Relationship Between Theory and Practice
Theory-Based Nursing Practice
The Theory–Practice Gap
Closing the Theory–Practice Gap
Situation-Specific/Practice Theories in Nursing
Definition and Characteristics of Situation-Specific/Practice Theories
Examples of Practice and Situation-Specific Theories From Nursing Literature
Situation-Specific Theory and Evidence-Based Practice
Application of Theory in Nursing Practice
Theory in Nursing Taxonomy: Examples From the Nursing Intervention Classification System
Urinary Catheterization: Intermittent
Patient Contracting
Examples of Theory From Nursing Literature
Application of “Borrowed” and “Implied” Theories in Nursing Practice
Application of Grand and Middle Range Theories in Nursing Practice
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
20.  Application of Theory in Nursing Research
Historical Overview of Research and Theory in Nursing
Relationship Between Research and Theory
Nursing Research
Purpose of Theory in Research
The Research Framework
Types of Theory and Corresponding Research
Descriptive Theory and Descriptive Research
Overview
Nursing Studies
Explanatory Theory and Correlational Research
Overview
Nursing Studies
Predictive Theory and Experimental Research
Overview
Nursing Studies
How Theory Is Used in Research
Theory-Generating Research
Overview
Nursing Studies
Theory-Testing Research
Overview
Nursing Studies
Theory as the Conceptual Framework or Context of a Study
Overview
Nursing Studies
Nursing and Non-Nursing Theories in Nursing Research
Rationale for Using Nursing Theories in Nursing Research
Concerns Over Reliance on Nursing Models to Direct Nursing Research
Other Issues in Nursing Theory and Nursing Research
The Research Report
Nursing’s Research Agenda
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
21.  Application of Theory in Nursing Administration and Management
Organizational Design
Work Specialization
Chain of Command
Span of Control
Authority and Responsibility
Centralization Versus Decentralization
Departmentalization
Shared Governance
Transformational Leadership in Nursing and in Health Care
Patient Care Delivery Models
Total Patient Care (Functional Nursing)
Team Nursing
Primary Nursing
Patient-Focused Care/Patient-Centered Care
Use of Patient Care Delivery Models Today
American Nurses Credentialing Center Magnet Recognition Program
Case Management
Disease/Chronic Illness Management
Disease Management Models
Population Health Accountable Care Organizations and Medical Home Models of Care
Quality Management
Evidence-Based Practice
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
22.  Application of Theory in Nursing Education
Theoretical Issues in Nursing Curricula
Curriculum Design in Nursing Education
Nursing Curricula and Regulating Bodies
Conceptual/Organizational Frameworks for Nursing Curricula
Purposes of the Conceptual Framework
Designing a Curriculum Conceptual Framework
Components of the Curricular Conceptual Framework
Patterns of Curricular Conceptual Frameworks
Current Issues in Curriculum Development
Theoretical Issues in Nursing Instruction
Theory-Based Teaching Strategies
Dialectic Learning
Problem-Based Learning Strategies
Operational Teaching Strategies
Logistic Teaching Strategies
Use of Technology in Nursing Education
Issues in Technology-Based Teaching
Summary
Key Points
Learning Activities
 
23.  Future Issues in Nursing Theory
Future Issues in Nursing Science
Future Issues in Nursing Theory
Implications for Theory Development
Theoretical Perspectives on Future Issues in Nursing Practice, Research, Administration and Management, and Education
Future Issues and Nursing Practice
Theoretical Implications for Nursing Practice
Future Issues and Nursing Research
Theoretical Implications for Nursing Research
Future Issues and Nursing Leadership and Administration
Theoretical Implications for Nursing Administration and Management
Future Issues and Nursing Education
Theoretical Implications for Nursing Education

 

 

Theoretical Basis for Nursing

 

 

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