American Herbal Pharmacopoeia Botanical Pharmacognosy Microscopic Characterization of Botanical Medicines 1st Edition pdf free American Herbal provides an excellent historical treatment of botanical nomenclature, a review of the science of taxonomy, and strong arguments for the need, necessity, and ability to identify and standardize crude drug material. Scattered throughout the first ten chapters are numerous, excellent photomicrographs and line drawings of the microscopic features of whole and powdered drugs and photographs of whole crude materials. It is through this mechanism that the botanical nomenclature associated with plant analysis is primarily illustrated. The historical value and methodologies of this tome set the stage for the primary practical value of this book, i.e., that it provides detailed descriptions and microscopic elements of more than 135 species of widely used botanical dietary supplements and major pharmaceutical species. All of the descriptions of the included species are clearly and accurately described and the line drawings representing various microscopic features and photomicrographs are of high quality.
American Herbal Pharmacopoeia 1st edition pdf free designed to meet the needs of the herbal products industry, regulatory agencies, and academic researchers, the book covers plant anatomy at a level appropriate for the pharmacognostic analysis of plant tissues, provides extensive coverage of the history and importance of botanical microscopy and provides instruction. on setting up a microscopy lab and preparing, viewing, and archiving whole and powdered plant parts for microscopic analysis.
Covered botanicals represent 90% of the dollar value of botanical sales in the United States. The focus is on species that are widely used and those that are commonly adulterated. It also covers a number of popular Asian botanicals, providing the first English description for many of them.
|Name of Book||American Herbal Pharmacopoeia|
|Author||Roy Upton (Editor), Alison Graff (Editor), Georgina Jolliffe (Editor), Reinhard Länger (Editor), Elizabeth Williamson (Editor)|
|Hardcover||Buy on Amazon|
Now we looka t preface of American Herbal Pharmacopoeia PDF, With nearly 10 years in the making, the impetus for this text grew out of a newly discovered and burgeoning respect for the nearly disappeared but re-emerging field of classical botanical pharmacognosy that has been incorporated into the work of the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP). Botanical pharmacognosy represents a focus on the botanical aspects of pharmacognosy whereby the plant and its growth habitat, harvesting and processing conditions, rather than just chemistry, are of central importance to ensure the medicinal efficacy of the plant. .
This is clearly different from modern pharmacognosy, as it is typically represented in the West today. In the old paradigm of classical botanical pharmacognosy, it is the quality of the plant, the environment in which it grew, and its myriad of compounds and actions that is of utmost importance and most appropriate in the development of traditional herbal medicines from those that people all over the world depend on. in self-healing and traditional healing systems.
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In stark opposition, in modern pharmacognosy, it is the almost exclusive emphasis on the isolation of chemical compounds and the specificity of an action that is of central importance for the discovery and development of modern drugs, predominantly for commercial purposes. However, global interest in traditional herbal medicines is resurfacing precisely because modern drugs, whether synthetic or derived from nature, do not meet people’s health care needs. This text was developed due to the need for an assessment of botanical quality, which is why a distinction is made between classical and modern botanical pharmacognosy. AHP’s specific emphasis on botanical microscopy arose from the fact that microscopic characterization was a cornerstone of the classical botanically descriptive discipline of 19th and early 20th century pharmacognosy.
Microscopy was so central to pharmacognosy that Professor Norman Farnsworth, Professor Emeritus at the University of Illinois, Chicago, referred to microscopy as “pharmacy’s unique contribution to science.” However, botanical microscopy is a dying art in North America and Europe, although it is alive and well in other nations, primarily developing ones. Our work in developing microscopic characterizations for AHP monographs as a fundamental proof of identity has underscored the value and importance of microscopy as a quality assessment tool. Thus, we embarked on this project as our way of helping to preserve and revitalize this scientific discipline.
The practical genesis of this text came from discussions within the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) Standards Committee on microscopy as an important analytical tool. There were suggestions to take some of our old out-of-print microscopy texts and put them into circulation once more.
Table of Content
American Herbal Pharmacopoeia PDF Free has follwoing topics in first edition
Botanical Microscopy Atlas
Achillea millefolium L.
Aconitum carmichaeli Debx., Aconitum kusnezoffi Reicher
Actaea racemosa L. syn. Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt
Aesculus hippocastanum L.
Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz
Aletris farinosa L.
Allium sativum L.
Angelica archangelica L.
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Arctium lappa L.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng
Aristolochia fangchi Y. C. Wu ex L. D. Chou & S. M. Hwang
Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom
Arnica montana L.
Astragalus mongholicus Bunge syn. A. membranaceus Bunge, A. membranaceus Bunge var. mongholicus(Bunge) P. K. Hsiao
Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz
Atropa belladonna L.
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell syn. Bacopa monnieria (L.) Wettstein
Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb
Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.)Rich. and Cephaelis acuminata Karsten
Chamaelirium luteum (L.) A. Gray
Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All
Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton
Cinchona succirubra Pav. ex Klotzsch (syn. C. pubescens Vahl)
Clematis armandii Franch
Clematis chinensis Retz
Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf., Codonopsis tangshen Oliv
Cola nitida (Vent.) A. Chev
Coptis chinensis Franch., Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao, Coptis teeta Wall
Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC Hawthorn Fruit
Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC Hawthorn Leaf and Flower
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Hawthorn Fruit
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Hawthorn Leaf and Flower
Curcuma longa L.
Datura stramonium L.
Digitalis lanata Ehrh
Digitalis purpurea L.
Echinacea angustifolia DC
Echinacea atrorubens Nutt
Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Aerial Parts
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Root and Rhizome
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Seed
Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim
Ephedra sinica Stapf, Ephedra equisetina Bunge, E. intermedia
Equisetum arvense L.
Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt syn. E. purpureum L.
Eupatorium perfoliatum L.
Frangula alnus Mill. syn. Rhamnus frangulaL.
Frangula purshiana (DC.) J. G. Cooper syn. Rhamnus purshianaDC
Ganoderma lucidum P. Karst
Ginkgo biloba L.
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC., Glycyrrhiza inflata Batalin Glycyrrhiza Glabra L.
Grifola frondosa (Dicks: Fr.) S.F. Gray
Hamamelis virginiana L.
Hedysarum polybotris Hand.-Mazz
Humulus lupulus L.
Hydrastis canadensis L. Leaf
Hydrastis canadensis L. Rhizome and Root
Hypericum perforatum L.
Illicium anisatum L.
Illicium verum J. D. Hook
Larrea tridentata (Sessé & Moç. ex DC.) Coville
Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Singer syn. Lentinus edodes (Berk) Singer
Levisticum officinale W. Koch
Ligusticum porteri J. M. Coult.& Rose
Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton
Lycium chinense Mill.,L. barbarum L.
Mahonia nervosa (Pursh.) Nutt
Matricaria recutita L.
Melissa officinalis L.
Mentha × piperitaL.
Mentha pulegium L.
Mitchella repens L.
Oplopanax horridus (Sm.) Miq
Panax ginsengC. A. Mey. Root (unprocessed)
Panax ginsengC. A. Mey. Root (processed)
Panax pseudo ginseng (Burkill) F. H. Chen ex C. Chow & W. G. Huang
Panax quinquefolius L.
Parthenium integrifolium L.
Passiflora incarnata L.
Paullinia cupana Kunth
Pausinystalia johimbe (K. Schum.) Pierre ex Beille
Periploca sepium Bunge
Petasites frigidus (L.) Frigs
Phyllanthus emblica L
Piper methysticum G.Forst
Plantago lanceolata L.
Plantago major L.
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb
Prunus africanum (Hook f.) Kalkman (syn. Pygeum africanum Hook. f.)
Prunus serotina Ehrh
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth . ex Kurz
Rheum spp. (Rheum officinale Baillon, Rheum palmatum L., Rheum tanguticum Maxim. ex Balf.)
Rhodiola rosea L.
Rumex crispus L.
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge
Saussurea costus (Falc.) Lipsch. Root syn. Aucklandia costus Falc.; Aucklandia lappa Decne.; Saussurea lappa Decne. C. B. Clarke
Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill
Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E. H. Wilson
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
Scutellaria lateriflora L.
Senna alexandrina Mill. (syn. Cassia senna, C. angustifolia, C. acutifolia)
Senna alexandrina Mill
Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn
Stephania tetrandra S. Moore
Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni
Symphytum officinale L. Leaf
Symphytum officinale L. Root
Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip
Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. Leaf
Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. Root
Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb
Terminalia chebula Retz
Teucrium chamaedrys L.
Trifolium pratense L.
Tussilago farfara L.
Ulmus rubra Muhl
Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC
Urtica dioica L. Aerial Parts
Urtica dioica L. Rhizome and Root
Urtica urens L.
Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
Vaccinium myrtillus L.
Valeriana officinalis L.
Viburnum opulus L.
Viburnum prunifolium L.
Vitex agnus-castus L.
Withania somnifera L. Dunal
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Glossary of Botanical Microscopy Terminology
References and Bibliography